Early Pruning May Have Advantages
Posted by Tony Tomeo on Nov 15, 2012 - 9:10:06 AM
UNITED STATES—As long as it gets done well before buds begin to swell late in winter, the meticulous and specialized pruning that deciduous fruit trees and roses require during winter dormancy does not need to be done immediately. Here in Southern California, where the climate is so mild, some roses may still be blooming. The main advantage to getting an early start is that those of us who have many fruit trees and roses in need of pruning have more time to get them all done within the proper time.
Although very rare here in Southern California, bald cypress is prominent enough in the Southeast to be the state tree of Louisiana. It happens to be one of the few deciduous conifers; so the finely textured light green foliage will soon be gone.
If it helps to start pruning early, it is best to prune fruit trees and roses in the same order that they go dormant and defoliate. The 'stone' fruits (those of the genus Prunus, that have large pits known as 'stones'), like apricots, cherries, nectarines and peaches typically defoliate earlier than the 'pomme' fruits, like apples, pears and quinces, that some of us in cooler zones are able to grow. Modern 'carpet' roses may not defoliate completely, so can be delayed until after all the bare roses get pruned, but may eventually need to get pruned while still partially foliated.
The specialized pruning that deciduous fruit trees and roses need is serious business. Those who do not know how to do it properly should learn about it before actually doing it. Improper pruning of fruit trees can inhibit production and damage the trees. Roses are not so easily damaged, but will get overgrown and not bloom as well if not pruned aggressively enough. (This sort of pruning will be a topic later in the season.)
Like fruit trees and roses, other trees and shrubs that need pruning prefer to be pruned while dormant through autumn and winter. Deciduous trees and shrubs are obviously dormant while bare, but realistically, are ready to be pruned when their foliage is no longer green.
Evergreen plants are not so obviously dormant, but will be as dormant as they get through winter. This would therefore be a good time to prune to eliminate pine limbs that are too low. If pruned a bit early, the pruning wounds will get weathered more through winter and consequently bleed less through spring.
Tree of the Week: Bald Cypress
There are very few coniferous (cone bearing) trees that are deciduous; and because most prefer cooler winters, very few are ever seen in local gardens. The bald cypress, Taxodium distichum, happens to be one of the few deciduous coniferous trees that really could be more popular than it is, since it seems to be right at home in mild climates, even around the Los Angeles Basin. It is native to coastal riparian regions from Maryland to Florida to eastern Texas, and up the Mississippi and Ohio Rivers as far as Indiana.
The soft foliage resembles that of coastal redwood, but is more finely textured. It is still mostly light green, but will soon be turning paper bag brown before trees go bare. The tiny individual leaves are shaped like flat pine needles, and are not much more than half an inch long. The ruddy or grayish brown bark is finely shaggy.
In the wild, mature bald cypress trees can get more than a hundred feet tall with trunks more than five feet wide. Some of the largest trees have buttressed trunks as wide as fifteen feet! Trees in swamps develop distended growth from their roots known as 'knees', which can stand several feet tall! Fortunately, bald cypress rarely get half as tall or develop such massive trunks here in Southern California.