Serving Bel Air, Benedict Canyon, Beverly Hills. Brentwood, Laurel Canyon, Los Feliz, Malibu, Pacific Palisades, Melrose, Santa Monica, Sherman Oaks, Studio City, Topanga, Canyon, Westwood & Hollywood Hills.



facebook Canyon News twitter Canyon News

Canyon News

Bel Air News

Beverly Hills News

Brentwood News

Hollywood Hills News

Laurel Canyon News

Los Angeles News

Los Feliz News

Malibu News

Melrose News

Pacific Palisades News

Santa Monica News

Sherman Oaks News

Studio City News

Topanga Canyon News

West Hollywood News

Westwood News

Woodland Hills

Celebrity News

State News

National News

World Headlines

Deaf News





On the Industry

Star Gazing

St. John's Confidential File

Theatrical Musings

Life & Style

Event Listings

Tech Talk

Looking Good For Lots Less

Spirit & Creativity

Miller Time


View from the Hill


Chrystal's Recipe Corner

Career and Life Coaching

Gardening With Tony

Life According To Lenson

Real Estate Realities



Marathon Running

Keeping It Bruin: A Look Into UCLA Athletics






Vi's Corner

Pet Tips

Point of View

John Armor

Message to America

Critic At Large... Ruta Lee

Labor Week


10 Degrees Cooler

McConnors corner

Edge of the west

The Physics Wizard


Kyle's Kars


Susan Michelle's Compass


Ask Deanna

Dear Lily

Ask Oona


Dancing with Earthquakes


Sports Schedules

Traveling Beyond the Canyon

Edge of the West

Law Man

Ask Us

Nathan Tabor

The Angry Economist

Truth Probe

As I See It


Truth Conquers

The Live Wire

Notes from Exile

Letters to the Editor

Dog Training by Anthony

Canyon Mews



America's Most Wanted Dogs

World Recipes

Vegetarian Lifestyle


News Briefs

Local News



Canyon Fodder

Bad Movie Night

Critical Projection

Ed's on the Town

Fitness Quests

Flashback Films

Stories of the Strange

Gourmet Grandma

He Said/She Said

Home Matters with Yvonne

L.A. Etch-a-Sketch

L.A. Ruminations

McConnor's Corner

Mommy Minute

Musically Speaking

My Back Pages

Publisher's Pages


Scene and Heard in L.A.

Silly...But Wise!

Sunset Diaries

Table Options

The Paws Cause

TV Stuff

Cartoon of the Week

Looking Good For Lots Less

The Business Of Clothing
Posted by James F. Brown on Apr 25, 2009 - 11:25:24 AM

VARIOUS—In this column, we’ll continue with more about the manufacturing process in the clothing business.


Manufacturing of clothes is divided into three separate steps. Each step is performed by specialized industries that can be located anywhere on the planet. The end product of each industry is sent onward to another industry that may be on another continent.

First is spinning and weaving, where the threads used to weave fabric are made and then woven into fabric. For animal-derived fabrics, wool must be sheared, cleaned, and carded before it can be spun. Silk has to be unraveled from the cocoon as a single long fiber and cleaned. Plant fibers also require processing. Cotton bolls must be separated from seeds. This is called ginning. Linen and ramie fibers must be extracted from the stalks and cleaned. Synthetic fibers, from either cellulose (rayon, lyocell, acetate) or petrochemicals (nylon, polyester, acrylic) are simply the end result of the manufacturing process used to create them.


Once the threads are made, they’re woven into fabric. Today, spinning and weaving are highly mechanized and automated. Indeed, the Industrial Revolution began with mechanical looms in factories replacing cottage-based manual weaving. Fabric mills are enormous, capital-intensive operations, costing tens or hundreds of millions of dollars to construct and operate. The industrialized nations of the world still hold an advantage here.

The second manufacturing step is cutting fabric. Patterns are developed where many pieces of fabric are assembled and sewn into a completed garment. Again, this is a highly automated process where developed nations can compete. Computer-controlled knives or lasers cut many layers of fabric at one time. The individual fabric pieces are cut from the bolts of cloth in such a way as to minimize wastage and get the maximum number of pieces per bolt.


The third and final step in clothing manufacturing is assembling the cut pieces and sewing them together. This is where the cheap labor costs of the Third World have a huge advantage. And it doesn’t cost much to start up a sewing operation. Automation is non-existent. Mechanization is limited, with one person hunched over an industrial sewing machine running one garment at a time through it. It’s typically an assembly-line process; each person sews one particular part of a garment. After sewing, garments are inspected and packaged for shipment and delivery worldwide.

Third World
sweatshops with their low wages, brutal working conditions, and grueling pace of production are continually in the news. Adverse publicity has been a powerful tool of advocacy groups to pressure attire companies to improve wages and working conditions in their foreign subcontractors who perform the assembly and sewing of products.

We’ll continue with more about the business of clothing in the next column.



Cliffside Malibu




Serving Bel Air, Benedict Canyon, Beverly Hills. Brentwood, Laurel Canyon, Los Feliz, Malibu, Pacific Palisades, Melrose, Santa Monica, Sherman Oaks, Studio City, Topanga, Canyon, Westwood & Hollywood Hills.