SAN FRANCISCO—Former San Francisco Giants star Barry Bonds’ 2011 obstruction of justice conviction was reversed by the 9th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals.

The ruling was made after the court decided that a statement Bonds made before a grand jury in 2003 was not relevant to a government investigation into performance enhancing drugs distribution amongst athletes.

Bonds was indicted on charges of obstruction of justice in 2007, for his 2003 testimony concerning his alleged involvement with the Bay Area Laboratory Co-Operative (BALCO), an organization that was under investigation for the illegal distribution of performance enhancing drugs.

His trial opened in March 2011, where Bonds was convicted for allegedly lying about injections of anabolic steroids and human growth hormone he received from trainer Greg Anderson. Bonds was sentenced to 30 days of house arrest, two years probation, 250 hours of community service, and a $4,000 fine.

The conviction was upheld by a unanimous vote in 2013, but a majority of the 28 participating judges voted to have a group of 11 judges re-hear the case. It was that group that opted on Wednesday, April 22 to reverse Bonds’ conviction.

Moving forward, it is possible that an appeal could be made to have the panel of 11 judges re-consider their decision. Another possibility includes having all 29 judges of the 9th U.S. Circuit Court rehear Bonds’ case. The prosecution also has the option of attempting to push the case all the way to the United States Supreme Court.