UNITED STATES—The presentation was initiated in primary and secondary school for several years. It helps students to deepen a well-defined theme. Young people are sometimes afraid of this ordeal, especially at university. Whether in a group or solo, giving a presentation requires a well-structured methodology so the listeners can easily understand the heart of the matter.
Make a Good Plan
To facilitate the presentation, making a plan seems to be an essential step. There are several types of plans, but this article will only present three of them. The plan of the presentation depends specifically on the theme to be treated. Here is a list that may interest students: the inventory plan, the dialectical one, and the progressive one.
Before getting into the big fat of the subject, it is important to know that a presentation must include an introduction, a conclusion, and a development. The difference is rather at the level of the body. The inventory plan is widely practiced in school lessons. This aspect is presented point by point. Applying a dialectical structure to a theme that reveals a debate or discussion is necessary. The body of the assignment must include an advantage, a disadvantage, and a summary. It should be noted that in the introduction, the personal opinion of the exhibitor should not be mentioned.
The progressive plan can be done in two forms and is used for subjects requiring analysis. The first form is the presentation of the situation, the problem, the causes, and the consequences. Then, the conclusion will be replaced by a proposed solution. The second comprises different parts, like before, now, and after.
The Golden Rules
When giving a talk, the introduction puts the topics in context. It arouses the interest of listeners by announcing the objectives to be achieved. In this part, the student also states the problem. And in the last sentences, they list the plan.
As an indication, it is forbidden to express a point of view on this part. In addition, the young people must try to put an astonishing situation at the beginning of the presentation. It helps to attract the attention and concentration of the audience. As for the conclusion, it responds directly to the introduction. This response will be considered a development summary, which is the exact opposite of a summary.
At the end of the presentation, it is always necessary to put a perspective on the subject, such as suggesting ideas, actions, leads, and even asking questions. It is also only then that exhibitors can express their opinion on the treated subject.
Prepare for the Presentation
Computer presentation is becoming a habit among students if, in the past, teachers did not allow its use. Therefore, it is necessary to design the presentation numerically. In addition, this system helps young people to become better acquainted with technological tools and office software.
When they enter their professional life, it will be easier for them to use a computer during a presentation of some kind. To prove that the student has mastered the subject well, presenting a short video seems like a good idea. This process works every time. Instead of only presenting a PowerPoint file, the video will explicitly demonstrate the main points and important ideas in minutes.
To become familiar with editing software, learners must consult the Internet and download tutorials. These will simplify learning and mastering these programs. During a presentation, the student will then bring the following tools: a laptop, a video projector, and a pointer. Apart from videos, there are also other ways to convince the audience. One can, for example, present a presentation with a video edited in 3D or use graphs to demonstrate the ideas better.
The Presentation of the Presentation
During the exhibition, students should avoid reading. Instead, they can carry a small note if it is difficult to remember the keywords. Before anything, the applicant must present himself. Then, they must go directly to the introduction by clearly specifying the plan. Young people need to be careful not to get lost in the details. Impressing the audience is the ultimate goal. Other than that, it is necessary to limit the use of technical terms. If students decide to use them, create a glossary at the beginning of the presentation.
The use of jargon and words that may cause discomfort is strongly discouraged. In the case of group work, the tasks of each student must be well distributed. It is also mandatory to watch the audience during the presentation. To avoid getting stuck in the roles, learners can note the beginning of their respective passages in a notebook. Rehearsing is the best solution. When students opt to work on slides, there are a few things to remember. The number of slides must not exceed 12 sheets. Beyond this figure, the public will imagine sailing on the sea for 10 hours. They will wonder when it ends. Always keep in mind that the goal is to get their attention.
Also, the information on the slides should be easy to read and understand. It should be noted that some software on the internet facilitates the display of PowerPoint sheets. For more details, you must consult the web to learn about these programs. Besides that, if young people use a pointer, avoid having it wander around the screen. This situation will indeed disturb the concentration of the listener and could have an impact on the final mark of the presentation.
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